Taliban arrest girls’ education advocate



The Manila Times


Asia And Oceania

The founder of a project that campaigned for girls’ education in Afghanistan has been detained by Taliban authorities in the capital Kabul, his brother and the United Nations said on Tuesday. The Taliban government last year barred girls from attending secondary school and later university, making Afghanistan the only country in the world to enforce such restrictions on education. Matiullah Wesa, the head of PenPath, was stopped by men outside a mosque after prayers on Monday night, his brother Samiullah Wesa told Agence France-Presse (AFP). “When Matiullah asked for their identity cards, they beat him and forcefully took him away,” he said. “He has been arrested for his activities in the education sector. He never worked with anybody else [or] with the previous government. He only worked for PenPath.” The United Nations mission in Afghanistan confirmed in a tweet that Matiullah had been arrested. Taliban officials are yet to respond to requests for comment. PenPath campaigns for schools and distributes books in rural areas, and has long dedicated itself to communicating the importance of girls’ education to elders in villages, where attitudes have been slowly changing. Since the ban on secondary schools for girls, Wesa has continued visiting remote areas to drum up support from locals. “Men, women, elderly, young — every one from every corner of the country [is] asking for the Islamic rights to education of their daughters,” he said in a tweet, hours before he was arrested. Last week, as the new school year started without teenage girls, he vowed to continue his campaign. “The damage that the closure of schools causes is irreversible and undeniable. We held meetings with locals and we will continue our protest if the schools remain closed,” he tweeted. Strict interpretation The Taliban have imposed an austere interpretation of Islam since storming back to power in August 2021 after the withdrawal of the United States and North Atlantic Treaty Organization forces that backed Afghanistan’s previous governments. Taliban leaders have repeatedly claimed they would reopen schools for girls once certain conditions have been met. They say they lack the funds and time to remodel the syllabus along Islamic lines. Taliban authorities made similar assurances during their first stint in power — from 1996 to 2001 — but girls’ schools never opened during that time. In a recent speech in the western Swiss city of Geneva, Richard Bennett, the UN special rapporteur on human rights in Afghanistan, said the Taliban authorities’ policy was to “repudiate the human rights of women and girls” in the country. “It may amount to the crime of gender persecution, for which the authorities can be held accountable,” he added. The order against girls’ education is believed to have been made by Afghanistan’s supreme leader Hibatullah Akhundzada and his ultra-conservative aides, who are deeply skeptical of modern education, especially for women. As well as sparking international outrage, it has stirred criticism from within the movement, with some senior officials in Kabul, as well as many rank-and-file members, against the decision. Matiullah is the second leading educator to be arrested in recent months for campaigning for girls’ education. In February, the authorities detained veteran journalism lecturer Ismail Mashal after local media showed him carting books around Kabul and offering them to passersby. It followed a live appearance on television in which he tore up his degree certificates to condemn the Taliban’s restrictions on women’s right to work and education.